The Nutritional Value of Honey
Average Composition of Honey: Honey is primarily fructose (38%), glucose (31%), water (17%), maltose (7%), and small amounts of trisaccharides, other higher carbohydrates, sucrose, minerals, vitamins, and enzymes.
Vitamins: Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B-6, Vitamin B-12, Folate, Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K.
Minerals: Calcium, Copper, Iron, Magnesium. Manganese, Phosphorous, Potassium, Sodium, Zinc.
Antioxidants - enzymatic and non-enzymatic: Catalase, ascorbic acid, flavonoids
Apitherapy is the use of honeybee produced substances for health and healing. Honeybees produce honey, pollen, propolis, royal jelly, and beeswax, all of which are used by people for nutrition, immune system support, treatment of a variety of ailments, skin care, and healing of open wounds. Even bee venom is used to treat many chronic conditions.
Honey has been used in treating open wounds for centuries. Until the development of antibiotics in the mid-1900s, honey was the primary treatment for wounds on the battlefield. For the next 50 years, the use of honey in wound care, especially in western countries, lost favour. However, in the past 20 years there has been renewed interest in using honey, driven in large part by the concern of the rapid development of antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria.
Here has been a large number of peer reviewed scientific studies that have shown the efficacy of using honey, particularly manuka honey, in the treatment of severe chronic wounds such as diabetic foot ulcers.
Manuka honey is made in New Zealand from the nectar of Manuka flowers (Leptospermum scoparium). It’s the basis of Medihoney, which the FDA approved in 2007 for use in treating wounds and skin ulcers. This kind of honey is famous because it stimulates tissue healing and is sometimes used to treat chronic leg ulcers and pressure sores. Its healing action is largely attributed to what is called “Unique Manuka Factor,” or UMF. Manuka honey can be used to treat nearly all ulcers, fistulas, post-surgical wounds, and abscesses. It is also used to treat non-healing wounds in cancer patients, including those induced by radiation therapy.